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Panic Community› Panic Articles› Panic attack symptoms and panic disorder causes
|Panic attack symptoms and panic disorder causes|
|Written by PanicJoe|
|12 July 2007|
Mental feelings that can accompany panic attacks are a feeling of loss of control and even fear of dying, as well as a detachment from yourself or reality.
When the source of the panic attack is known, when a person is indeed in danger or difficulty, then the panic reaction is normal and even helps cope with the problem. Panic attacks are seen as problematic when they are unexpected and uncontrolled and when they tend to be repeated, then they may be diagnosed as part of a panic disorder.
Causes for panic disorder are not clear but it is believed that a lack of balance in neurotransmitters in the brain, which are chemical substances that are part of the communication in our nerve system, may cause the problem.
Panic disorder is also passed on in families. Children of parent with the disorder have an 8 times larger chance of developing it than other children. One is also considered at higher risk for developing panic disorder if one of the parents suffers from depression or bi-polar disorder. Stressors, like the loss of a relationship or a job may also trigger panic disorder.
You can have repeated panic attacks without having a panic disorder. Panic attacks can be triggered by:
1 - Drinking large amount of alcohol.
2 - Sudden or abrupt termination of alcohol use, that was before hand a habit and highly consumed.
3 - Drinking a lot of caffeinated beverages.
4 - Chain smoking raises the nicotine levels in the blood and may cause panic attacks.
5 - Use of certain medications - such as those for treating heart disease and asthma.
6 - Abrupt termination of medication such as sleeping pills and substances taken against anxiety.
7 - Drugs such as cocaine and marijuana.
8 - Chronic stress. Suffering form stress for a long time may eventually lead to panic attacks.
9 - Having a baby recently changes our lives and can throw us into panic since we fear the unknown of how to take care of the child and the responsibility it brings with it.
10- Having recent surgery or being under general anesthesia.
It is very important to diagnose the condition exactly. Is one suffering for panic attacks for a known reason? Or are they unexpected? Is the repeating occurrence an indication of panic disorder, another disorder or simply a defensive mechanism against a new and stressed situation?
Treatment can be successful only with correct diagnosis, on should seek the help of a professional.
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