|A little about me:||
Who, What is Normal
Speaking as an epileptic to all people with or living with epileptics normal is considered what is sociallyand culturally acceptable but, social and cultural will change normal thus altering the concerns of cognitive social psychology. !STRANGE AH if you were born with epilepsy you are 'normal' you just have
fits, simple enough ah but, if you have had a bad hit to the head you probably will end up having
epilepsy because of brain trauma. It is from this that (from experience and a degree course in
psychology I speak) I can say, epilepsy is not your (there) problem it is cognition. Because of the brain
damage the cognition (thinking processing response time) causes you/them to appear to be not 'normal'
thus although they/you may physically be appealable a patronization comes in between them/you and
the 'partner' and 'we' become unlovable as people. We are viewed as ohh or ahh or poor thing not come
here i want you now? This dilemma can be further complicated if you end up on sticks/wheelchairs.
Phenomenological psychology at face value can be a most beneficial for understanding and/or revealing
an individuals "self" through its uninterrupted methodology through the use of Free Association
Narrative Interviewing (FANI) to establish a subjects "self". This is where there is a difference basically it
is all about and quite simply means, 'talk to them/us, give them/us time to process what has been said
and to think of a reply. You will be very surprised at how clever people actually are and--how
sexy/lovable. WHAT? Simple really, as Socrates once implied 'why should society follow each other like
sheep. We all have an opinion and a brain to process our thoughts. Why then should we accept
'normal/fashionable' simply because the majority says it is. Equally, Normal is based on a majority rule
so who is right and even if normal (majority of) has an opinion why cant we challenge it and say 'your
wrong?. I have a different life style to you. Am i wrong or are you, should the answer be based on a
survey of 'majority rule (what's normal) or should we accept that we are both right and then look for a
common ground that we can both agree to be normal. Why should we be alienated because we need
sticks/wheelchairs and have fits.
Learning how to cope with epilepsy
Self consciousness, it has long been considered that this is innate it would follow therefore that
attitudes accompany our innate self consciousness due to our automated behavior to a situation. For
example, at maturity we look to the opposite gender! Generally speaking this drive is both innate and an
attitude based upon the implementation of monogamous grooming from parents, media and society.
Religion with its implications that "self' is our soul is questionable based on our religious in doctoring
and the society we live in yet can also be used to create attitudes.
‘What's this to do with epilepsy'?
In modernistic terms it is argued that self consciousness, attitudes and our innate self is dualistic, that is
to say they are one of the same. It is as important though to accept that due to an attitude (triggers for
seizures) we all have behavioral responses, some good some bad and these can lead us to have an
emotional deficit. To fit into our society we have to learn how to behave, “alter your attitude”! In doing
this it can take people out of there comfort zones leaving them uncomfortable, nervous or even
vulnerable and more prone to fits.
Attitudes and self consciousness are innate/ media and society based constraints that are imposed upon
individuals as they grow and develop from child hood through adolescence into adulthood where, the
link's and chains of opinions are enforced upon the next generation. This is why it is vital that we and
our nearest and dearest understand and give us a wide birth.
A prime example of this can be seen in the modem child of today, there are few who are aware of the
constraints of familiarity and or respect to there elders. This "mind set" is a complete change from thirty
years ago clearly indicating that "attitudes" towards teaching respect (to create an attitude) has
changed. It is apparent that, in this instance child rearing is not innate, it has to be taught but, when a
child is in danger it is a self conscious innate response to protect it. So, it is that same attitude that we all
need to adopt to ease the pressures on both the epileptic and the family/friends.
I introduced this article by referring to attitudes/ triggers and how they accompany our innate self
consciousness due to our automated behavior to a situation. Hence, the starting point for this topical
research is as old as researchable recorded history, from the mass attitudinal hysteria towards the Jews
before the Second World War to the good will drive to save the planet. These are all attitudes which
when reaching a point of hysteria can affect self consciousness and can become an inherent attribute
for the innate self “US” AND OUR SELF CONFIDANCE, (I wont go out just in case---).
The concept of Social psychology of self could be summed up by Solomon Asch (1956) where his studies
into "normal" (what is socially and culturally acceptable) groups, there social influence and places they
are at will result in being a type of conformity. This however is a resulting opinion of a minority (us!) not
a majority and therefore over looks the individual. It is this attitude that affects self consciousness and is
the frustrating difficulty, helping people to help us help ourselves?
As "We" the human race come from many differences cultures a starting point for this researchable
history into attitudes and self consciousness is through the eyes of religion- self-soul and the inherent
parental/ cultural dis/approval of behavior. Is society to be held accountable for these behavioral
attitudes or society for en doctoring the youth. Either way both are based on a common ground/need,
that being cohesion based upon a fear factor. Contrary to this social influence on behavior and to re
enforce the point raised earlier With regards to the frustrating difficulty in researching social psychology
of self we have a strange species called the individual/non conformist. (An example of such was
reviewed by us in the mirror) In a drive to research self and attitude "Unfolding discourse analysis" in
post modernism has been researched by (McGuire, 1985, p. 239) raising the concept that "attitudes are
locating objects of thought on dimensions of judgment and placing it in a hierarchy (phenomenological
narratives). Equally Potter and Wetherell in there research are more interested in how people talk
(cognitive processes). This turn to language research though is seen as a model of contained, rational
and stable individual processes. For now, in short phenomenological narratives are pictorial
descriptions, used as a method to converse with 'society', this method is used unconsciously due to
hemispheric damage (a side of the brain). For epileptics who acquired this disadvantage the cognitive
processes such as memory recall are not as reliable so ‘we' make use of pictorial. This is partially why
'we' are all different, that and the fact that the pills we have to take change our personality. Cognitive
and behavioral disorders often overshadow seizures and can be the greatest cause of impaired quality of
life. People with epilepsy may have cognitive impairments, which effect attention, memory, mental
speed, and language, as well as executive and social functions. Furthermore, these problems often go
unrecognized and, even when identified, are often under treated or untreated. In this section you can
see in greater detail the cognitive and behavioral disorders associated with epilepsy. The information is
divided into two sections:
Mood and Behavior ; gives a basic overview of mood and behavioral disorders associated with
epilepsy. Advanced Mood & Behavior, provides a more in depth, intermediate level of information
regarding mood & behavior disorders associated with epilepsy.
Mood and Behavior
Epilepsy and its treatment affect the way that some people with this disorder think and behave. While a
seizure is happening, it interferes with thinking. If seizures happen over and over again (as they
sometimes do), they can have a lasting effect on many of the brain's functions, from memory and
language to planning and reasoning. It's possible that epilepsy may change how you relate to others,
your mood, even your personality. But most people with epilepsy find that it has the effect on their
Do any of these sound like you?
"I just don't trust my short-term memory. "
"I knew the word I wanted to say, but I couldn't get it out. Or I'd say another word that wasn't quite
"I am more irritable now; everything is an effort."
"I'd finish watching a show, and somebody would ask me what it was about, and I couldn't answer
them. I didn't know, and I just watched it!"
Not only can seizures and epilepsy affect how you react to the world, but they also can affect how the
world reacts to you. Many people don't know what to do when they see a seizure. Some can't
understand that a person who looks pretty normal may not understand a single word being said. The
workplace can bring new challenges, and some people with epilepsy have to find other jobs because of
Advanced Mood and Behavior
Neurobehavioral disorders including fatigue, depression, anxiety, and psychosis commonly affect
patients with epilepsy. In addition to neurobehavioral disorders, patients with epilepsy may present
with cognitive impairments, which effect attention, memory, mental speed, and language, as well as
executive and social functions. Cognitive and behavioral disorders often overshadow the seizures
themselves and can be the greatest cause of impaired quality of life. Furthermore, these problems often
go unrecognized and, even when identified, are often under treated or untreated. Patients with epilepsy
frequently suffer from cognitive and behavioral disorders that range from subtle to severe. Behavior
changes occur during and immediately after most seizures. However, in some cases, cognition and
behavior also change for prolonged periods after individual seizures or throughout the long interacted
gaps. Aggressive control of seizures, and possibly reduction of interacted epilepsy activity's may help
prevent interacted cognitive and behavioral disorders. The late 19th century view of epilepsy as a
progressive disorder-in terms of both seizures and cognitive-behavioral disorders-is finding support from
modern studies (1). While the best therapy for cognitive and behavioral disorders may be prevention,
there is little systematic study of the phenomenon either retrospectively or prospectively .
A less pleasant but equally as informative fact with epilepsy is;
Epilepsy has long been recognized and invoked as a significant ingredient in the mechanism of sudden
unexpected death, particularly in the setting of status seizures, trauma, drowning's and aspiration of
gastric content However, a wider appreciation that epilepsy per se may be a major cause of, rather than
contributory factor to death, is a relatively recent concept which may not be widely comprehended or
accepted by the community at large, epileptic patients and their physicians, and perhaps some
pathologists. Since these cases present as sudden, unexpected and often unexplained death, they will
fall under the jurisdiction of the coroner, and in most circumstances require specialist forensic
Like that other acronym SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), the term SUDEP (sudden unexpected
death-) hints at a relatively stereotypical series of circumstances allied to an unascertained cause of
death; but unlike SIDS (or perhaps the more controversial SADS (sudden adult death syndrome)), the
field of potential causative mechanisms appears narrower and is arguably better delineated, holding the
promise of effective intervention strategies.
Much research over the past few years has pointed to complex cerebral and cardio respiratory factors,
which individually or in concert may result in death during or shortly after a seizure. If the task of
clinicians is to predict and intervene, the role of the forensic pathologist and coroner might best be seen
as recognition and comprehensive investigation so that the true incidence (at various points in time) is
documented, and effective multidisciplinary remedies implemented. A vital first step along this path is
uniformity of approach, but many factors need to be addressed before this pathological nirvana is
attained, some of which may be subject to considerable regional and situational constraints.
This last section of course is by no means a Chrystal ball view of our future just an awareness of possible
events which, we and our attitudes can alter (a bit like should we stop smoking?).
To close the article on a positive note;
Society in general is not an alien species as they may appear? The main driving force of there ‘attitudes'
towards epileptics is (believe it or not, fear and ignorance) the ‘not knowing what to do or how to
behave. ‘IF' like most things in life people are given the tools to deal with a given situation then ‘normal'
for one would be the same for the other thus all would be treated the same. Sadly though we don't live
in Utopia where equality and normal are –well-normal everyday situations so, is it not down to each of
us to pass on the tools, I hope in some small way I have at least given you the reader a ‘starter kit'. Just
remember that ‘we' the chosen few, the selected above others, the elite of society have the
edge over them, we know what its like and can rise above them and there attitudes. How,
simple because we have the knowledge there frightened of so stand proud??
|(((((((HUGS FOR YOU)))))))
|Everything changes when you start to emit your own frequency rather than absorbing the frequencies around you, when you start imprinting your intent on the universe rather than receiving an imprint from existence- Barbara Marciniak
|Christmas shopping? I haven't done anything for Christmas. I really don't want to be bothered. I am not even leaving the house this weekend if I can avoid it. Doing some work stuff.
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